Tree DNA (FTDNA)
This large genealogy database DNA
testing costs $59-$566. One must take the autosomal and X-DNA
tests in order to upload to gedmatch. This site is the most satisfying because
as soon as one gets a match a small family tree with surnames is
made available. One can always order more tests from the
original DNA sample later, so if finances are a concern the Autosomal and/or Y-DNA Chromosome test
are a great place to start.
Types of tests:
Y-DNA is male only -
traces the direct line males.
mtDNA - traces the female
line from you back through your mothers, mothers mother, on
back into time. Men can have the mtDNA portion of their DNA
tested but they do not pass it on - only mothers .
- everyone can take this. It reveals cousinship's back to about
5 generations .
23 and Me
This large genealogy database DNA testing costs $99 and is able to be
uploaded to gedmatch. The "tools" are not user friendly
and learning about others who have done the DNA testing is time
consuming as one must wait for email responses.
This database is not as large as 23andMe and Family Tree
DNA (FTDNA). In order to see anything beyond the ethnicity
estimate (a circular graph) and the DNA matches one must sign up
as a member. However, one's DNA can be downloaded in order to
submit it to gedmatch.
free site allows one to upload DNA test results to identify
possible hidden ancestral connections with distant cousins.
Thank you to distant cousins,
Sandra, Fran, and Phyllis
who helped give feedback
on all these sites and